INTRODUCTION

Introduction

Kenya’s history dates back to many centuries from the internal diaspora or the early settlements and migrations. Then came the formation of the various language groups who developed their own religions, traditions, governments and ruling systems in which they dictated their way of life and how they managed to keep alive by their trade and occupations. Then came the white settlers, which was followed by the fight for liberation, which gave birth to the Mau Mau freedom fighters and the rise of the Kenyan heroes. In the study of Kenya’s past, a look at the present is also inevitable, in order to be able to weigh the future.

Time Chart

Early – Late Stone Age

In this period, the oldest human remains were discovered with artifacts suggesting pre-tool making. Evidences have been found in L. Victoria, Highlands, Rift Valley regions. (Hand axes, cleavers at site must have been used as all purpose tools to cut and skin meat)

Later, the bow and arrow were introduced and evidence representing this period has been found in the L. Victoria and the Rift Valley and Highland regions. Three excavations, all of Elmentaita saw the beginning of the arrival of new people probably from the North who were responsible for the introduction of blade technology and new kinds of tools.

In this period, the oldest human remains were discovered with artifacts suggesting pre-tool making. Evidences have been found in L. Victoria, Highlands, Rift Valley regions. (Hand axes, cleavers at site must have been used as all purpose tools to cut and skin meat)

Later, the bow and arrow were introduced and evidence representing this period has been found in the L. Victoria and the Rift Valley and Highland regions. Three excavations, all of Elmentaita saw the beginning of the arrival of new people probably from the North who were responsible for the introduction of blade technology and new kinds of tools.

Late Stone Age (3000 B.C. – 1000 B.C.)

Evidence of the arrival of a new people who were tall with narrow heads and prominent noses and chins and who archaeologists think resemble some of the present day peoples of Somalia and Ethiopia.

400 AD – Migration of the Bantu peoples into East Africa.

600 AD – Arabs began to settle on the Coastal area and this marked the coming of Islam

700 AD – Indian Ocean trade with the Arabs, Phoenicians, Indians and Chinese.

They brought in cloth, pottery and glass beads in exchange of cowrie shells, iron products and mangrove poles.

900 AD – Knowledge of iron working came to the Bantu

1400 AD – The Portuguese reach the coast

1700 AD – End of the Portuguese empire in East Africa

– Cape colony became British Protectorate

1800 AD – The great Trek, Christian missionaries and explorers come in to Africa

– The end of the Trek

After Independence

1952 -1970 – Kenya’s Agrarian Revolution

1963 – Kenya gained Independence

1964 – Kenya became a Republic

1978 – The first President of the Republic of Kenya, the Late Mzee Jomo

– Kenyatta, passed away and Daniel arap Moi was elected as the next president.

1992 – Kenya became a multiparty state.